Friday, February 12, 2010
The Eixample, Ildefonso Cerdá Suñer
In 1859, shortly after Baron Haussmann was commissioned by Napoleon III to redesign Paris, Ildefonso Cerdá Suñer designed an urban extension to the city of Barcelona in Spain. Instead of military advantages, Suñer focused his urban planning around the concepts of efficiency and sanitation. His designs included open, green space for people to exist in as well as infrastructure to support the growing city of Barcelona. He called this extension the "Eixample".
In these original plans of the Eixample, you can see a spoke-like pattern of streets, much like the design seen radiating from the Arc de Triomphe in Paris. These wide streets and a grid-like pattern help to organize the streets in a way that is logical and easy to maneuver through, even in current modern vehicles. The streets widen at every corner as well, further emphasizing the original desire for space and efficiency. While the plans were revised more than once, the primary characteristics of the original plans were maintained. The neighborhoods contained within the Eixample would go on to house architectural works by Gaudi, easily integrated due to the original efficient design of Suñer.